Is coffee a fundamental part of your day? It’s pretty crucial to many people around the globe. The ritual of brewing, the aroma, the first hot sip and the last cool one, flavours emerging and blooming throughout the cup many of us have developed a bit of an addiction to the coffee bean and can’t start their day without that perfect tasting cup. 

Coffee making is no simple matter, World Coffee Events are held yearly to … World Barista Champion. Making a good cup of coffee is a combination of science and art! 

Morning caffeine hit 

Whether you’re a latte or an Espresso person, prepare your coffee at home or get it at your favourite coffee shop every morning, one thing that’s often overlooked is the quality of the water used to make it 

and of course, your coffee will taste better with filtered water! 

Water is a… ingredient 

Water plays a very important/active role.  

Espresso is 98% water and only 2% of coffee 

therefore, whichever type of beans and barista you have, the taste will always be affected by the water used. 

Here’s why… 

Water is the main carrier of coffee flavours. The coffee bean is the seed of the coffee plant is the solvent which extracts the flavour compounds from the seed. It has a very active role. To dissolve flavour compounds in water, the water forms chemical bonds with the seed  

 

Tap Water vs Filtered Water 

So what’s wrong with filling your coffee machine with tap water? 

Firstly, regular tap water has been treated with chlorine so it usually tastes of chlorine and can smell a bit like a swimming pool change room….this, in turn, affects the taste of the coffee. 

Then, there is the fact that tap water also can contain small particles of dust, rust and sediment. This not only affects the taste of the coffee but can clog up your coffee machine. 

Also, tap water will include an amount of dissolved minerals and salts. Of course, the levels will depend on where you live. These minerals and salts are important for health and wellbeing and coffee to need a certain amount of minerals to maintain the flavour. But if too much calcium is in your tap water you could be faced with limescale buildup in your coffee machine which in turn could cause it to malfunction or break. 

 

Choose Filtered Water 

The best solution is filtered water.  

An easy and affordable way to filter your water is by installing a Permatech Water Filtration System under your kitchen sink which attaches to tap. 

Permatech Water Filtration Systems will remove chlorine, small particles and it will help prevent limescale from building up.  This, in turn, helps to protect your coffee machine.  

Keeping in mind that the water filter will leave enough minerals in the water for flavour enhancement – an important part of the coffee-making process. 

Different Ways to Brew Coffee 

Just like making the perfect cup of tea, there are a few steps to making a great-tasting cup of coffee. We’ve put together the main steps according to the National Association of Coffee USA and it comes down to 5 things… 

The Equipment – This includes the quality of the grinders, coffee makers and filters. 

The Coffee Beans – This includes the origin of the beans (the country and region). The variety of the bean (Arabica, Robusta or a blend) And the roast type and blend. 

The Grind – Some of these methods include: Filter, French Press, Ultimately the size of the grind affects the taste of the coffee. 

The Freshness of the Grind – It’s very important to grind the coffee beans as close to the brewing time as possible. 

The Water – This is the bit that we are particularly interested in…the US National Coffee Association advises using filtered or bottled water. Of course, bottled water is expensive and all those empty plastic bottles are bad for the environment. So, there’s another reason for choosing a WFA inline water filter! 

 

 

The Best Water to Coffee Ratio for the Perfect Cup of Coffee 

When it comes to the coffee to water ratio, there is a term commonly known as the ‘Golden Ratio’. This is 1-2 tablespoons of ground coffee to 6 ounces (175 ml) of water. Obviously, it will depend on personal taste as well. 

Water Temperature 

Water temperature is important too. Just like tea, don’t over boil the water or it will spoil the taste of your coffee. According to the US National Coffee Association… 

“Your brewer should maintain a water temperature between 195 to 205 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal extraction. Colder water will result in flat, under-extracted coffee, while water that is too hot will also cause a loss of quality in the taste of the coffee. 

If you are brewing the coffee manually, let the water come to a full boil, but do not over boil. Turn off the heat source and allow the water to rest a minute before pouring it over the grounds. 

Always allow your coffee – or any hot beverage – to reach a comfortable temperature before enjoying (specifically below 140 degrees Fahrenheit).” 

Brewing Times 

The amount of time that the water is in contact with the coffee will depend on the type of brewing chosen. For example, a drip system would be 5 minutes but a French Press would be 2-4 minutes. In contrast, to make the perfect Espresso, the coffee bean is only in contact with the water for 10-20 seconds! 

If you invest in a high-quality water filter system you can be assured that you have the right water, to begin with. Which will give you great tasting coffee and also will help protect your coffee machine and increase its